Micro-blogging – Twitter

Screengrab - Twitter

Micro-blogging with Twitter

Two years ago I didn’t tweet; now through micro-blogging, I do so on an almost daily basis, therefore a reflection is appropriate.  This definition of a microblog from PCMag’s encyclopedia of terms  undoubtedly describes how I use Twitter;

“A blog that contains brief entries about the daily activities of an individual or company. Created to keep friends, colleagues and customers up-to-date, small images may be included as well as brief audio and video clips. The most popular microblogs are Twitter and Tumblr.”

Pre-conceptions -v- reality

Before I began to use Twitter my preconception was that a lot of the content was shallow froth regarding show-business celebrities and/or pointless announcements regarding people’s mood or whereabouts.  Since becoming a tweeter, I have found that there is far more serious content circulating than I anticipated. However, especially with the more conversational element, that pre-expectation was also confirmed.

Micro-blogging – the way I use Twitter

I have three accounts, the first in my own name, a second on behalf of the Stephenson Locomotive Society and a third (the alias Graham Crosse) created in 2015 to write about the election, and currently only used infrequently. The style varies between the three, with the posts undertaken for the SLS the most formal.

Screengrab - Twitter
Screengrab – Twitter

Open debate versus secrecy

The fact that I am able to have a Twitter alias, however, is one of the areas within social media open for debate. I created my alias because I was working as a Presiding Officer during the 2015 election and therefore I had to be seen publicly as neutral, whilst at the same time working on a 2nd year University project requiring publication of comments on election related politics.  As I have accepted the offer to work on the local elections this year, the same scenario will again arise around election time; the alias will therefore get a further, short-term, revival.

There are many more serious reasons for individuals to create aliases than mine. However, the ability to post without the user openly revealing a true identity can be seen as both a positive and negative aspect.  It can protect individuals and allow them to openly enter debates on issues where fear and security concerns would otherwise preclude their participation. The converse scenario, of course, is that this anonymity allows bullying and inappropriate comment, for example on race or sexuality, to be aired by individuals hiding anonymously behind an on-line alias.

In a journalism-related reflection, this issue needs to be debated. On balance the freedom of speech enabled by allowing use of alias user names is undoubtedly beneficial, but the level of censorship levied by host providers and/or governments is a concern in many areas, notably North Korea and China.

In the opening paragraph, I mentioned my preconception of the twittersphere as being filled with shallow froth; whilst that may be a harsh condemnation, experience confirms that there is a percentage of conversational traffic which is only relevant for the very short-term.  If you enter those conversations, anything more substantial within your twitter feed soon drops away and disappears.  In my own case, when posting for the SLS, this knocks meeting announcements etc., off our displayed Twitter feed, even though joining in conversations and making retweets would otherwise be appropriate.

Aliases of course offer the option of running two feeds, one for casual matters, one for tweets you may want to display, for example on a website news page, but that complicates matters.  The complication arises for both content creators, and also recipients wishing to return to a viewed message.  Twitter is a useful tool, but a management nightmare, even with the assistance of options such as lists and tools such as Tweetdeck to aid managing the content.

Tweetdeck screengrab image
Tweetdeck screen grab

Summary

Twitter as a tool is an enigma.  Whether as merely a citizen wishing to know what is going on, for example “is my train going to be delayed”, or as a journalist/reporter wanting to keep abreast of breaking events, it is extremely useful.

It is also invaluable for following the latest information on a topic of interest to you.  The lists option, especially if a list  management tool is used, aids grouping of content feeds but equally Twitter is a frustrating option for managing the dissemination of information. For the Society I find it has a greater reach than Facebook and, despite the problems of managing it for the SLS, I have come to rely on it over the last eighteen months as a source of information. I will not be reducing, or abandoning, my use of it in the foreseeable future.

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Using Storify

Using Storify - grab of my profile page

Using Storify

This reflection is about using Storify from the position of an absolute beginner for the creation of a Storify based mini-blogsite.

Using Storify - grab of my profile page
My Storify profile page: John New

Ease of use?

The obvious first question to be answered therefore is “how easy is it to sign up and use?”  The signing up process was easy; to use perhaps less so, as it has quirks discovered through use, all to be learned and worked around.  It also appeared at initial sign-up to be easier to use than it actually has proven to be in practice, especially with regard to adding Twitter sourced content.  As an older internet user, I also found that, although there are many sources out there for obtaining linkable content, I do not use them regularly (in fact some not at all) therefore it was not intuitive to seek information from them.  The reality is that, for the stories I was writing, Twitter content could be ignored as the internet news-feeds supplied sufficient links to source material.

News curation issues

The creation of content for any news item requires assessment of the sources for accuracy, currency and bias.  One of the positives to using Storify is the speed with which sources can be traced and dropped into a new item for publication.  That, however, creates the perennial dichotomy, speed of selection versus the balancing time necessary for checking those three issues. With websites, that is generally straightforward, but for tweets and other content, it is far less so with regard to judging bias.

Also, but only a minor irritant, the default image libraries are international, therefore sourcing images with UK relevance requires care in use of search terms.  The use of the  generic term shopping was a typical example.  In preparing the item on the state of retailing, most initially returned images were obviously of non-Uk origin and unusable, as the pricing was showing $s (even where text was English) and also many showed Japanese/Chinese/Korean symbol writing.

As a content generator I found the product useful, but reviewing what I have already produced with Storify for this reflective identified a personal weakness.  As mentioned above, in the stories published to date there has been a lack of Twitter input into the content.  Although clearly retro-editing is not ideal, that lack could now be redressed, and it will definitely be borne in mind for future work.

That is not to say that Twitter was ignored; the posts were shared on Twitter and generated tweets about the items.  In particular the story about rail closures over Christmas and the associated tweet on 30th December generated significant twitter activity and pointed users at the linked questionnaire.

The crucial question – future use?

My initial reaction to Storify was that use beyond the current University assignment was unlikely, since on first introduction to it I didn’t like it. As it has turned out that first impression hasn’t lasted; true I find it quirky, but I have found a work-around already for one of those quirks and now know to avoid others.

I am the PRO and website manager for the Stephenson Locomotive Society and one of the items the current website lacks is any form of blog to accompany our Twitter feed.  The website is scheduled for a rebuild this Autumn, and producing a weekly Storify post on matters related to railways is a logical edition.

It is likely, therefore, that although the output via my personal Storify account will be sporadic, writing in a second account opened in the name of the SLS will become a regular feature.

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Public sector pay

Public sector pay

Public sector pay, image of money and the Palace of Westminster. Image John New
Money and the Palace of Westminster. Image John New

Has the government got a clue when it comes to fundamental issues around public sector pay?  I admit I am biased, I am a retired local government officer and have relatives and friends still currently employed in the NHS and local government.  Recent news coverage however makes you wonder about the competence of politicians when it comes to managing their expenses and setting both their own pay and public sector pay generally.

Expenses scandal follow up

The expenses scandal was a story created by the dedication of journalists chasing a perceived scandal.  The Daily Telegraph broke the story and, as this summary of recent output shows, continues to report many aspects surrounding the issue. There was a suggestion raised in December that MPs need an independent regulator to end their regime of self-regulation. I believe most citizens would support that initiative.  Given the reported response to the eminently sensible suggestion that some form of up-market hostel should be provided for those MPs living outside convenient commuting distance, such a watchdog is long overdue.

The worst aspect to come out of that hostel report was the apparent acceptance by our MPs that (1) student accommodation is often sub-standard bordering on slums and (2) that slum housing is acceptable for them, i.e., students, but not for us, we are superior with a right to a better deal!  Where was the journalistic follow up to that?

That a watchdog is not being pressed for regularly as a prominent item in the current political debate perhaps suggests that the national press are actually too lenient with regard to politicians. Loren Ghiglione (then president of the American Society of Newspaper Editors) was suggesting as far back as 1990 that journalists were becoming too much a part of the establishment status-quo.  Twenty six years on, and despite the Leveson Inquiry report, perhaps that relationship remains too cosy for editors to address the inevitable “us and them” issues that would arise from in-depth analysis of what is acceptable in pay and status for politicians.

MPs’ pay versus public sector rises

This issue continues decade on decade, with the MPs never appreciating the impact of their actions on public sector morale.  I recall driving home from work one evening and hearing a radio bulletin giving the value of Quintin Hogg’s pay rise and thinking that as I would be happy earning his pay rise what must his full salary be!  As it was going back to my current house, and he retired in 1987, that would probably have been 30 years ago now, back in 1986. There will always be a distinction between levels of employee pay, the issue is the gap and how one side perceives the other.  When MPs decide economic conditions will restrict their own employees to zero or 1% pay rises, not long after awarding themselves 10%, they appear to fail to see the impact it has further down the line.

Recruitment crisis and strikes

Trade Unionists marching Image: John New
Trade Unionists marching Image: John New

Unsurprisingly, given the long period of declining public sector pay levels, there is a recruitment problem.  Adding in the reduction in public investment over the long-term including the policies of privatization and the recent austerity drive, this crisis was inevitable, and surely the politicians should have foreseen it. Alternatively, they did and didn’t care, regarding it as acceptable collateral damage in pursuit of other objectives.  That collateral damage of threatened strikes (doctors), actual strikes (train drivers), nursing shortages, workplace stress, low morale etc., etc., could fill pages with an almost endless list.

Journalists ignoring obvious links!

The links are there, of course, but always seem to be overlooked.  When most journalists cover the consequences, as with this recent Dorset Echo article on the cost of workplace stress, almost every reason bar the impact of government economic policies is quoted. Articles stating the case against austerity do emerge from time to time, as with this one in the Guardian during 2010, however, generally the consensus appears to either contain support for the government line, or like the Echo piece, fail to objectively review and challenge it.

If there is a shortage of school places with parents not getting their local choice, and at the same time the government is forcing more public spending cutbacks, might that just perhaps be a link worth reporting as a major issue?  We see and read of real people suffering real day to day problems but the nation can spend umpteen billions on warheads which, hopefully, we will never fire, but no cause and effect link is ever reported.

Somewhere the priorities have got lost, with the big picture swamped in a morass of short-term reporting. I may be a left wing pacifist, my views may be a minority, but I do expect the journalists working nationally to stand back occasionally and take a look at the stories their own media outlets are running concurrently, and just perhaps notice and report objectively on these causes and effects.

There is a big issue about how much our public sector staff should be paid, irrespective of whether they are government direct labour employees or working for contractors like G4S, CAPITA or BIFFA. This debate is entirely separate from the ongoing left/right issue over the ethics of privatisation versus public operation; whatever the organisation running the service it will have to hire staff.

The discourse rarely, if ever, debates either the true worth of employees in these services relative to other jobs, or why they should be treated differently to those in more esteemed roles. The issue always seems  to revolve around why they should be paid less and expected to do more in a more flexible manner, never about why the economy is so badly structured we can’t pay them fairly.

Unfortunately, for whatever reason, the journalistic debate about how much these valuable employees who sweep streets, empty bins, drive trains, guard prisoners, staff hospitals etc., should be paid always seems to miss the point – they need to be treated fairly and not as stigmatised, political pawns.

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Transient internet – a problem?

Cash and cards

Transient internet – a problem?

The transient internet, is it a concern or just one of those things that mildly irritates?  What happens when the internet becomes transient, failing at critical moments in aspects of our lives?

In the modern world we are all encouraged to use the internet.  It is touted as the panacea for everything from home banking, scholarly research and entertainment via live media streams to controlling the equipment in your home with smart apps.

Transient internt - tablet screen Image: John New
Example tablet screen Image: John New

Banking and trading – two recent failures

The first failure (due to flooding of a City’s telephone exchange) has already been mentioned in an earlier Storify post.  The result was a return to cash-only trading, and because the cash for giving change ran out in some (most?) shops, they lost further revenue even where potential customers had notes with them.

The second failure is being blamed on a system error which led to customers of a major bank (HSBC) becoming unable to access their accounts where those are on-line and enabled for home banking.

When the transient internt fails we need cash not cards
Cash, bank card and Oyster travel card. Image: John New

Systems should be reliable but from time to time they fail; what is crucial is that there should be options available to work around these foreseeable issues. In the York scenario, where loss of the internet seriously reduced shops’ ability to trade, this is partly down to what the banking industry sees as progress, namely ending the paper cheque system. Many modern bank accounts do not offer a cheque book.  This seems foolhardy – discourage their use by all means, but ending the tried and tested back-up system for electronic trading does seem to be short-sighted in the light of these recent issues, all of which can be expected to recur.

Free travel in London as Oyster system fails

Underground train, Waterloo Station
Underground train, Waterloo Station. Image: John New

Another recent costly glitch in London may not have been directly due to problems with the internet but was similar in outcome.  It related to networked systems and because the modern expectation is that the majority of users will pay by card, a temporary cash only system was not practical.  The glitch on the morning of 2nd January 2016 is estimated to have cost £250K in lost fares.

Loss of web-sites and the historical archive.

The type of issue covered above arises from short-term problems, with expectations of  resolution in hours, or at the worst a few days.  The long-term transitory nature of the internet runs deeper, however, with pages and links disappearing on a permanent basis. There is an assumption that content referenced via hyperlinks will be there when next wanted, but this is an illusory hope. In preparing this blog, the first iteration of the site was accidentally deleted, the first posts (luckily mostly tests and drafts) were lost; it was the trigger for writing this post.

There are many examples of disappearing web-content and reasons for that.  As a Bournemouth University student, along with roughly 80 others on my course, we created a series of blog posts surrounding aspects of the Uk’s 2015 election.  Those blogs are not now  publicly accessible.  In attempting recently to re-access one of my own posts it appears either they were not up long enough to be fully archived by the Internet Archive Wayback Machine, or their format was not fully compatible with that system.

As technology changes so do websites.  As can be seen from the Island-Publishing main site, I also maintain a website for the York Model Railway Show (Current link).  That outgrew the original website hosted on a free site with dial-up modem access back in 2009, and was relocated.  That old site was expected to disappear after 6-months of upload inactivity but is, surprisingly, still there gamely auto-forwarding any unlikely visitors to the new version. Many other sites disappear without trace.

The content from my own first website hosted on Demon was transferred to a totally different URL when I changed service provider but, as expected, the old version went dead immediately because the space was no longer being paid for.  The content all remains live but, if anyone had created a link to that Demon version anywhere out there, those links will now be long-dead.  The new site has a co.uk web-address, it is therefore future proofed for ISP portability provided fees are paid.  However many, many instances are found when searching and following old links brings up examples of links where the destination content appears to be lost forever.  The author Ben Aaronovitch, as an example, had a website (www.the-folly.com) which currently returns in search engines but is no longer live although his blog is live.

Screen grab re Ben Aaronovitch 8 Jan 2016
Screen grab of Google Search re Ben Aaronovitch 8 Jan 2016

Does this matter – should there be more to these stories?

What was noticeable with regard to the reporting of these issues was that reliance on the modern technology without provision of quick and easy alternatives was accepted in the reporting as a fait accompli.

Perhaps it does not matter, but personally I think it does.  As historians we need a preserved archive, print media appears to have a much higher percentage survival rate in comparison to modern technology and the transient internet.

Equally importantly, I am a retired Emergency Planning Officer, and one of the crucial lessons learnt, and repeated in public inquiry after  public inquiry following major incidents, is the value of communications.  The more our society abandons the back-up of low tech solutions like cash and cheques in favour of networked web-based activity the more vulnerable society becomes.  That reporting ignores this is a worry for the future.

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Legal constraints on blogging

34067 Tangmere at Weymouth 9 September 2015

Legal constraints on railway bloggers

Legal constraints do not often come to mind when writing about railway matters. I am a transport historian with an interest also in modern railways.  The law rarely impacts on that interest.  Although transport photographers have occasionally had issues over interpretation of photography rights by heavy handed security officers, and there is an obvious need to follow access and trespass guidelines, generally the law is unobtrusive.  This year that has changed.

34067 Tangmere – Wootton Bassett and legal constraints

34067 Tangmere at Weymouth 9 September 2015
34067 Tangmere at Weymouth 9 September 2015 Image John New

It remains possible to talk about this locomotive in general terms and to share photographs like the one above.  It also remains possible to mention that it is operated by the West Coast Railway Company (WCRC).  However during 2013 and 2015 the combination were involved in incidents one of which is now subject to a pending court case.  The debate on the Wootton Bassett incident of 7 March 2015 is therefore now sub judice.  This court case means there are now legal constraints on what can be debated and blogged about regarding WCRC.  As a result of that I am only including the link to the public Rail Accident Investigation Branch (RAIB) page with regard to background on the matter.  The incident was heavily debated on national rail forums previously and also covered by BBC News until the related court cases were announced; however, nothing can now be added.

34067 Tangmere – Winchfield and Weymouth

Whether open debate on two other incidents involving the locomotive and WCRC is possible may now also be questionable, hence my mentioning only facts and reports.

The first was in November 2013 when a maintenance issue led to a very serious incident of equipment failure at Winchfield.  The RAIB report has now been published, and no prosecutions have been announced.

The second was at Weymouth when some internet forum reports suggest Tangmere was apparently allowed to hit the buffers on 5th September 2015.  That something did hit the buffers and move them is undeniable, as identified by the scrape mark visible in the photograph below taken four days later. The RAIB website has been checked and this incident is not on the currently under investigation list.  It appears therefore that there are no legal constraints arising due to possible court action on either of these specific incidents. Despite that, there must still be a grey area for bloggers. Can we currently debate the competence of WCRC?  This arises as an assessment of their competence will arguably form a key part of the forthcoming court cases arising from the 7th March incident.  I have chosen not to take the risk, only adding links to previously published facts and showing my own photograph of the publicly visible trace evidence.

Photo of the buffers at Weymouth showing the scrape mark from impact. Image: John New.
The buffers at Weymouth showing the scrape mark from impact. Image: John New.

Reports of disappearing society funds.

As I was preparing this post another grey area case came to light via an internet forum post.  A name was mentioned for an individual leaving a society, together with reports of a police investigation into a substantial shortfall in the funds.  In the absence of information regarding whether any arrests have been made etc., not something to debate further as it would be too easy to accidentally mention issues that have subsequently become sub judice.

As bloggers we know that fraud has happened before, for example in this 2010 case in Wimborne, but we also know that honest individuals do resign when money is found to have gone missing on their watch.  The clear difference between the current and the former scenario is that the Wimborne situation is now closed and can be debated openly, the contemporary one, arguably, should not.

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Flooding – Yorkshire

Flooding in Airedale 26th Dec 2015. Photo: Stella New

Horrendous flooding

I witnessed the flooding in West and North Yorkshire first hand yesterday during a visit to my sister-in-law.  I also needed to consume the news on the flooding as it happened in order to plan a return journey. The flooding news varied from excellent, live coverage by BBC Radio Leeds & BBC Radio York, to misleading (BBC travel website version), to surprisingly useless (the Environment Agency website).  This blog post therefore asks some questions of the quality, and usefulness, of the information available.

Flooding in Airedale 26th Dec 2015. Photo: Stella New
Flooding in Airedale 26th Dec 2015. Photo: Stella New

Sadly the flooding is escalating, getting into new areas today as the water flows downstream.  The scale of it is awesome in the genuine sense of the word.  One can see how such monster floods in the past led to legends and fables such as Noah’s flood being passed down the generations until being later written down and preserved.

Excellence of local radio

I am a retired Emergency Planning Officer with experience of major flood events, including the Ouse in York. From that experience I appreciate (a) the difficulty of getting accurate information from an ever-changing live situation but also (b) that it is vital to make accurate information available to both responders and the general public.

The scale of this flooding caught people out.  As a family we had a Boxing Day meet up planned with two car loads driving over into Airedale.  The advance weather forecast was for rain and my daughter and I discussed our driving plans so as to avoid a few bits of road that we anticipated might have some surface water flooding.  The significance of that discussion will be seen later.  On the day it was much wetter than expected but at departure time it did not seem bad enough to abort or delay for 24-hours.

As we drove over, local radio were reporting the unfolding scale of the issue, and that became visually apparent the nearer we got to our destination, although Airedale, at that stage, was not as badly affected as Calderdale. We also began to hear that the roads we had anticipated in advance to avoid due to possible surface water were now flooded and shut!  Although Calderdale was getting the worst of it, the Aire and tributaries were also rapidly rising, the normally placid River Worth was like a white water rapids course and some low lying sports fields passed were inundated to almost the 8ft soccer crossbar height, around 6-7ft of water!

Flood warnings which didn’t appear

Local knowledge of the possible routes back to York suggested that either the A658 or A58 might become flooded where they crossed and ran near the River Wharfe, therefore prudently the Environment Agency website was checked.  This is bearing in mind the Wharfe was already flooding roads and properties upstream of both points. At 12 noon there was no flood warning in place for either Pool in Wharfedale or Collingham, either as a current or expected later scenario. This was extremely worrying.  By the time we came to leave at 2pm the A658 at Pool in Wharfedale was, predictably, flooding and only passable with care but still no warning for Collingham was being given by the EA on-line.  The equally predictable closure of the A58 was announced by live traffic news as we headed eastwards.

What is worrying with this scenario is that if someone with a bit of local knowledge can predict these potential flood spots 36 hours beforehand based on weather forecasts, why was there no on-line EA warning of even the lowest risk level?  We did not predict a biblical deluge, but equally neither did the Met Office issue a red-warning until it was almost on top of the area on Friday morning.  Collingham flooded around 2-45 to 3pm, the Wharfe by this time had already flooded upstream at Ilkley, Burley in Wharfedale and Otley, I knew it was highly likely to flood, it was after all why I had checked the EA website. If I knew that, why didn’t they?  If I had chosen that way to get home the potential was there to be stranded.

The broadcast media constantly advise citizens to check the EA website for the latest information, obviously in anticipation of reliable data.  Based on yesterday’s random sampling of quality – the question has to be asked, what is the point of the EA website flood warning system in the current configuration if expected, and obviously predictable, floods are not being added/displayed?  It was not possible to check whether there is an issue with full content only available via desk-top browsers, with slimmed down data content versions automatically adjusting for viewing on smaller mobile phone screens.  That is an issue for future checking, but if it  is occurring it adds to the problems.

All this is worrying as my main residence is in flood-prone rural West Dorset; when you are out and about you only have a mobile to access the system, and even that assumes access to a signal.  Data coverage, and the lack of it in rural areas, is of course another issue.

Travel news that isn’t accurate

Information should be accurate, however, and update information correctly applied; sadly that was not the case yesterday.  Not only was some travel news misleading, out of date and inaccurate, the BBC were giving opposing messages dependant on which of their media channels you were accessing. I have already mentioned local knowledge, again this appeared to suggest issues with quality of the data accessible for route planning, and where strangers to the area would potentially opt for routes taking them into, rather than away from, potential danger.

I give two examples from yesterday afternoon.  On the morning run part of the A6120 Leeds ring-road near Meanwood had begun to flood as we headed west around 10:30am.  As by the afternoon the expectation was it would have flooded, the BBC local travel service on the internet was checked, with nothing showing as a closure.  As we drove towards it no closure was being mentioned in the local radio’s on-going broadcast.  Arriving at the location, however, we found it was shut, forcing a diversion.  The diversion was unsigned, that is understandable, given how many blockages were in place, but the lack of radio and travel website notification that one of the major routes within the area was shut, and probably had been so for sometime,  was perhaps not!

Equally problematically, the A64 near Tadcaster was being shown on-line by BBC Travel as only passable with care and long delays to traffic; as that was not being broadcast as a current issue, we gambled on that info’ being obsolete.  The A58 has been mentioned already but would have been one of the alternatives.  We drove the A64, there were no problems.  On arriving home the BBC Travel website was re-checked, the false information that had been there most of the day was still present and shown as recently updated!

BBC budget cut backs are wrong

The lessons of 2007 have still not been learnt with regard to this need for quality information so as not to divert travellers into areas that are liable to be the next place to flood, trapping them.  Forcing the BBC into cut backs  will only exacerbate the scenario; weather forecasting needs to be good quality and accurate, not simply based on the cheapest available via competitive tendering.  Local radio is vital, a community asset to be expanded not slashed.

Conclusion

As a citizen sampling a largely unprecedented weather event yesterday the local radio coverage via BBC Radio Leeds was superb, informative and, as it was live with on the spot reporting, current.  Unfortunately the same could not be said of the same organisation’s on-line travel news.  It was proven by practical sampling to be inaccurate and incomplete even with regard to main A roads.  That may not be the BBC’s fault directly, but in a world where the internet is increasingly touted as the source to be turned to for breaking news and information, it is clear that as yet, the back office systems are not serving up the material. The Environment Agency was also found wanting in exactly the same way, back office systems not getting information out fast enough.

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Christmas peace

The Peace Cafe, Bethlehem. 1999. Copyright John New
Christmas peace message - Candles in the Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem. 1999.
Christmas peace expressed by the candles in the Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem. 1999. Image John New

Bethlehem 1999

As the header image to this part of the website shows I visited Bethlehem on a troubled day back in 1999.  As we were leaving the town following a visit to the holy sites it all kicked off, with Palestinian locals stoning the armed Israeli troops adjacent to one of the holy sites of the Jewish faith, The tomb of Rachel the Matriarch  This was all a far cry from the peace and goodwill to all message and the Christian nativity for which the town is famous worldwide and the message proudly carried (then) by a local cafe.

The Peace Cafe, Bethlehem. 1999. Copyright John New
The Peace Cafe, Bethlehem. 1999. Image John New

Regrettably the troubles which were kicking off that day in the Palestinian Territories have not stopped since, spreading and inflaming old wounds and the Middle East is now a cauldron of problems.  That it had been sufficiently quiet in the build up to our visit appears with hindsight to have been a matter of luck as I doubt it will be safe enough for a return visit for many years to come,

Bethlehem steet scene 1999
Bethlehem street scene 1999. Tourists and locals together. Image John New

Back then the souvenir shops were thriving with local men able to get employment on taxi work and all the other touristy normality.  Whilst there were guards about and security was tight there was no immediate threat.  As this report from the International Business Times states, not so in 2015, since October tourism figures are well down with all the attendant problems that brings to a town dependent on tourism for most of its income.

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Southampton bombing raid 75th anniversary

Canute Road adjacent the Old Docks with buildings old and new.

Southampton bombing raid 75th anniversary

The 1st December 2015 was an odd day radio-wise. On the way in to Uni in the morning the local radio were reminiscing about the tragic loss of life and buildings in the worst Southampton bombing raid of World War Two.  75 years ago on the night of 30th November/ 1 December the Luftwaffe’s Southampton bombing raid pasted the City. The BBC Radio Solent website has much of interest regarding the event including a map of where the bombs, totalling over 700, fell.

On the way home it was announced that our elected MPs (Regrettably mostly macho males) are going to debate more bombing of the Middle-East.

Southampton bombing raid. Canute Road adjacent the Old Docks with pre and post war buildings
Canute Road adjacent the Old Docks with buildings old and new. Copyright John New.

Bombing doesn’t work

As the Germans discovered between 1939 and 1945 blitzing the UK’s citizens did not make us surrender. As we also discovered, bombing didn’t make the Germans surrender either. As the Germans realised, and later the US also found when bombing Vietnam, Laos & Cambodia, it does not win you the war.  Those may be old wars, but the IRA terror campaign failed to win independence for Ulster, and the recent Iraq campaigns didn’t work either, hence the current mess.

Bombing isn’t a successful tactic. In this instance, arguably, it will only alienate even more civilians against western society thereby making the situation worse not better.

In a battle of hearts and minds, aggravating the enemy with high-explosives is never going to be an answer. In this instance ground assaults aren’t ideal either, given the nature of the opposition, but surely a marginally preferable option.

Updated – House of Commons vote

Regrettably, from the view of a pacifist the Guardian reports that the bombing campaign was supported by our MPs.  Time will tell if the decisions was, or was not, a correct one.  On the evidence of most recent military activity I am sceptical.

The standard journalistic approach to these bombing raids over Syria is supportive of the establishment attitude to military involvement.  It may be a personal observation but this is all a little too gung-ho for me and overly reminiscent of nineteenth century gunboat diplomacy.

 

Replacement post.

Note:  This post was originally made on 1st December.  However the earlier iteration of this blog was lost due to computer issues.  This replacement, rewritten version was uploaded on 20 December 2015.